how does metformin work for ovulation yeast infection from amoxicillin determining cialis dosage low vitamin d lipitor what does amlodipine do for high blood pressure price for zoloft without insurance se puede mezclar el viagra con el alcohol metformin weight loss studies cialis 5 mg kaufen can i take robaxin and hydrocodone together how can you prevent headaches with cialis drugs that react with metformin sertraline hydrochloride 50mg nhs does metronidazole gel cause yeast infection taking cialis for performance anxiety quarter dose methocarbamol prescription required cipro copd exacerbation erythromycin dose for dental abscess can you take amoxicillin for sinus infections propecia finasteride finpecia uk wayfarin lasix case affitto roma zona cipro what drug family is keflex in pre?o da propecia generic viagra south africa price amlodipine besylate 10 mg for sale debloquer iphone 5 mobicarte ventolin chest congestion post dutasteride syndrome na hoe lang werkt viagra how long is bactrim ds good for sildenafil gastritis what is gabapentin 800 mg used for starting celexa symptoms tips taking zoloft nolvadex pct cypionate cialis gunstig what does metformin do for infertility viagra y ansiedad cialis 5mg vs 10 mg torsemide to furosemide conversion globalrph herpes simplex treatment valtrex dosage for amoxicillin for adults liquid can lexapro be used as needed nursing intervention of propranolol allegra nome femminile how much is accutane with insurance can i buy liquid amoxicillin online amitriptyline taken with duloxetine zovirax 800 cp levitra negative side effects metformin otc interactions levitra preco ultrafarma efek pemakaian misoprostol good time to take clomid viagra prevnts premature ejeculation nolvadex to boost testosterone clomid acne famciclovir price in delhi viagra comic how long to cure chlamydia doxycycline mobic duiven is adalat xl an ace inhibitor nifedipine t20 stada retard tab how much weight can i lose using orlistat ciprofloxacin septic arthritis dove comprare finpecia stromectol scabies instructions steroid tablet prednisone where can i buy 20 mg cialis metronidazole i drink alcohol kolesterol obat lipitor spironolactone iud cialis livraison rapide walgreens orlistat how to avoid diarrhea with metformin doxycycline puppy teeth levitra de 5 cialis black shipping to buy clomid 50mg online in mumbai india propranolol e bom para ansiedade doxycycline side effects in kittens was ist metformin 850 cuanto cuesta el augmentin locatel lexapro pancreatitis levaquin jaw pain viagra sample free canada prednisone causes hot flashes prednisone for pain dosage normal daily dosage of metformin apos tomar clomid quando devo ter rela?ao generic septra atenolol trials how to get off lexapro 20mg cialis onlineshop 1.16 pro pille stop taking levaquin how much will the generic viagra cialis super active generic questions about prednisone buy trazodone online no prescription viagra et atripla viagra pfizer 100 mg prezzo walmart pharmacy viagra pricing ciprofloxacina 1g dose unica viagra prescription new york city bumetanide furosemide gout abilify costs walmart propecia alternative biotin canadian pharmacy vardenafil 20mg ivermectina e revectina clomid causing spotting can you drink while taking paroxetine 100mg of viagra does nothing harga acyclovir 500 mg propecia in india buy prednisone ok for cats renal flow scan lasix india generic zoloft vand cialis tadalafil 20 100 mg what meds can you not take with viagra disulfiram like reaction tinidazole metformin explained amlodipine besylate and cold medicine orlistat powerpoint presentation viagra emblem metformin for normal weight pcos sertraline bbc walmart seroquel price cipro and the kidneys amoxicillin bertibarots discount san lazzaro cipro zyrtec with singulair 5mg drug in india lipitor lowering cholesterol acetato de ciproterona o drospirenona sertraline amenorrhea misoprostol farmacia san pablo patient reviews of zithromax cymbalta and seizures estradiol dergboadre discount propecia first few weeks securetabs online cialis 20mg where i buy viagra in mumbai celecoxib price mobic side effects weight loss albuterol vs albuterol with ipratropium i have diarrhea after taking azithromycin prednisone jellyfish sting indomethacin and colchicine interaction does viagra gives you more stamina can i eat dairy while taking ciprofloxacin albuterol methyl ether clomid in bali warning sign to hold flagyl doxycycline mode of action diagram lasix ervaringen werkingsduur maxalt buy cialis at shoppers drug what is the drug premarin used for aprire ltd a cipro is it safe to take tramadol and zoloft together nexium 1omg zithromax posologie adulte any cheaper alternatives to singulair how can you get cialis without perscription dose of tamoxifen breast cancer do you have to taper off of lexapro hygroton vs hydrochlorothiazide can you start clomid a day late lanoxin 0.125 mg aldactone alkol kullanimi are losartan and amlodipine the same tamoxifen therapie beendet acyclovir miami werking viagra gtp recommended dose for spironolactone synthroid dergboadre without prescription cialis and sperm fertility contenido de atarax doxycycline hyclate difference doxycycline viagra causa dependencia fisica augmentin dosage mims tadalafil citrate ciprofloxacino dosis oral xenical 84 st cymbalta heart racing atarax en jarabe does nizoral slow hair loss metformin for weight loss forums ciprofloxacin neziaduce ucinky zyvox drug interactions cialis p e research tadalafil powder propranolol para fazer prova does bactrim cause itching how much is a viagra pill on the street does viagra ejaculate quicker levothyroxine sodium .1 mg phenergan tablets for 2 year old viagra bogor how long does it take to get results from diflucan allegra marketing clawson mi azithromycin 200 mg oral suspension come prendere il viagra senza ricetta erythromycin for cyanobacteria dosage que causa el misoprostol en el feto lasix dosages edema volume of distribution of acyclovir msd propecia vietnam femara e dolori articolari are there withdrawal symptoms from zoloft ivermectin online going off doxycycline acne augmentin for dog lice dosage prescription drug buspar clomiphene citrate purchase how soon after clomid will you ovulate cialis kamagra cheap uk propranolol and sore eyes can lichen planus worsen with flagyl can i buy metronidazole gel when best time to take cialis vardenafil rozpuszczalny zovirax 200mg tablet from philipines glaxosmith do i need an prescription for zovirax do you have to taper off of topamax ketipinor atarax can you take lisinopril at bedtime vibramycin chlamydia dosage clopidogrel 600 mg pci vardenafil en espanol kandungan obat viagra viagra 15 minutes rheumatoid arthritis inderal amlodipine 1 mg crestor lipitor dose conversion candida fluconazole fungsi viagra marijuana fainting singulair ya and you how do you feel while taking clomid amoxicillin and ciprofloxacin difference using adderall with cialis doxycycline hyclate oral 100 mg price lexapro blah when will there be a generic nexium sildenafil citrate in pakistan peshawar zithromax philippies tag line zithromax 1000 mg side effects clomid irregular period how mch is a viagra pill 5 days without cymbalta kamagra en xtc pause clomid et enceinte cipro and gerd crushing up azithromycin role glucophage body viagra generic vitamins allegra mcevedy egg fried rice how to make u own viagra topiramate cause acne cipro ear infection dose tamsulosin maximum daily dose keflex for tonsillitis can flagyl be purchased over the counter tapering seroquel schedule generic viagra taking .5 mg propecia breast cancer meds tamoxifen mexican name for clomid terbinafine home made prednisone 6 day schedule clopidogrel 75 thailand allopurinol zyloric tablets finasteride e gonfiore what are the ingredients in premarin cream prostate ciprofloxacin infection clomiphene citrate in spanish pharmacy tamoxifen loaded solid lipid nanoparticles can you take vicodin and lexapro together does singulair work for pet allergies ampicillin foods to avoid jenis amoxicillin abortus door misoprostol how long to take valtrex for genital herpes over the counter pills like nexium cipro 500 mg prospektus amitriptyline chewing nizoral prescription shampoo strength viagra en pharmacie forum misoprostol onde comprar bh what is the dosage doxycycline for sinus infection prednisone for pleural effusion in cats where can i buy viagra in bangalore how long after taking viagra can i take cialis premarin canada price dostinex caro acuut stoppen zyprexa is it bad to take zofran every day levitra 10 milligrammi who manufactures atorvastatin for walgrees lipitor causes dizziness splitting a viagra with your partner which is better for fibromyalgia cymbalta or effexor erythromycin interactions with alcohol atenolol sanofi 25 mg can you take baclofen and ibuprofen together cymbalta dry mouth side effect what is better fir sore throat amoxil or klacid diet pills comparisons diflucan fiale torrino levaquin 1500 mg principio ativo do neurontin ventajas y desventajas del aciclovir aciclovir gocce oftalmiche zoloft common questions cialis kielce valor de estradiol na gesta? diflucan treatment for men agen propecia mobiclic a telecharger side effects of buspirone antibiotic ciprofloxacin birth control finasteride 18 years propranolol cirrosis hepatica allopurinol fungsi why was lozol discontinued dostinex tablet ne ise yarar how long take viagra to work chew generic hyzaar walmart what is generic viagra legal descripcion de celecoxib acyclovir fda approval date para k sirve cephalexin switching from seroquel to remeron taking too much thyroxine medication taking wellbutrin and prozac amoxicillin und ambroxol cipro mensajeria aleve and prednisone back pain flagyl metronidazole insert levothyroxine wockhardt lots of cm with clomid quando si inizia clomid azithromycin iv diluent topamax makes me hyper cuando dejar de tomar escitalopram lasix tablets for weight loss paxil sus usos what does lisinopril 5 mg look like how many days should i take doxycycline cheap zoloft no prescription generic cialis in system tadalafil 40mg safe ed prednisone for hypoglycemia tetracycline santa cruz aciclovir herpes zoster vademecum can prednisone cause infertility in women can you treat a sinus infection with ciprofloxacin azithromycin light sensitivity augmentin et angine blanche inexpensive viagra without prescriptions metronidazole swallow flagyl wondzorg can clomid cause early periods escitalopram ingredients acyclovir protide ciprofloxacin haematuria gabapentin enacarbil japan aciclovir farmacia salcobrand can you take metformin if you don have diabetes doxycycline hyclate image ttp celexa allegra eventos peru mobica muebles de oficina en farmacias del ahorro venden viagra sin receta normal doses of metformin seroquel xr y seroquel normal cual es la diferencia is generic plavix any good prodotto farmaceutico cialis effects of taking zofran while pregnant strep agalactiae ciprofloxacin allopurinol abnehmen how does cytotec taste like prednisone high bluelight comprare cialis on line valtrex cptl 1gm does the va precribbe cialis dailey acyclovir dosing varicella allegra mood side effects viagra toronto on the street clomid invloed cyclus does lexapro cause anxiety first pfizer viagra egypt lasix for horses cost furosemide dog take effect levitra for sale toronto zovirax days lisinopril 20 mg equals what mg prinivil seroquel timed release cipro for swollen glands is celexa good for weight loss acheter viagra avec mastercard generic viagra prices at walgreens kamagra illegaal in nederland neurontin dose period prezzo confezione viagra lipitor indications and contraindications olanzapine singapore amitriptyline in me how does furosemide work on the body nortriptyline endometriosis esmolol metoprolol conversion keflex whooping cough zoloft sertraline cost 50 mg sinus infection prednisone short duration lamisil dose nail fungus how long does swelling last from prednisone tadalafil efficacy tamsulosin and coumadin interaction zoloft cheveux medicamento allegra de 180 tadalafil tqeovertoz australia oxycodone and paxil drug interactions where to buy cheap clomid tablets does clomid mess with your cycle lamisil 250 mg cpr does marijauna effect cialis sign up postal mailing list viagra viagra from lloyds pharmacy online abilify help sleep maxalt and zoloft where to buy lipitor for cheap problems with generic seroquel amoxicillin treats listeria salbutamol e albuterol clomid pcos bfp can i take zoloft and vicodin where i can get cialis tablet in chennai gabapentin for severe anxiety transitioning from synthroid to armour thyroid ile kosztuje plavix nexium 20 mg deutsch zoloft thirst metronidazole for pigeons overdose keflex and treatment of boils cipro xl 500mg dosage is good for what amoxicillin and wisdom teeth stromectol how does it work ingredients for bupropion zovirax dzialanie metronidazole usage mastubate before viagra levitra rote augen aciclovir crema recensioni allegra medicamento 120 mg flagyl eciwlcodkedefe without prescription bactrim perioral dermatitis cipro register business efectos secundarios de famciclovir cialis sample is it best to take lexapro in the morning or at night azithromycin sandoz chlamydien plavix screening contraindicaciones de sildenafil en jovenes bupropion hcl xl 300 actavis losing weight on wellbutrin can i harm myself taking cialis and viagra nizoral skuteczny levitra does it lose potency flagyl 125 mg kullanimi aggrenox vs plavix stroke solubility levofloxacin hemihydrate aciclovir creme quantas vezes ao dia atorvastatin and rash isotretinoina en espanol side effects ondansetron pregnancy prednisone and alcohol contraindications comparison of cialis levitra or viagra lasix tabs cipla flagyl suspension generic ingredient what are the effects of zoloft overdose el uso prednisone periactin comp 4 mg soft tabs tadalafil phenergan codeine recreational cara pemakaian obat ventolin inhaler ofloxacin nierenbeckenentz?ndung kamagra allergic reaction bula do medicamento ciprofloxacino 500mg best price for avodart .5 mg capsules cadastro para desconto no lexapro buy cheap seroquel taking azithromycin 500 mg aciclovir contra papiloma chinese red viagra sildenafil citrate mechanism of action allopurinol que puedo tomar despues de cytotec maxalt smelt en zwanger ovarian cancer while taking tamoxifen very heavy period after clomid ventolin and afib

Related Articles
« MO »
About the Author
Jerry Mouse, originally from New York City, has always been a fan of horror and cartoons (hence the moniker). He has no great literary statement to make, but he loves dipping his hands into otherworldly primordial ooze and seeing what sort of new life he can dredge up. If you can imagine a heinous train wreck between Edgar Allan Poe and the Marquis de Sade, you will be on the right track for Jerry’s writing. It is said that true horror both repels and draws you in for another look, and so that is what Jerry hopes to have accomplished here.
« MO »

Freaks is Not a Dirty Word
Jerry Mouse
The year is 1931: the country was in the grips of the Great Depression, unemployment was at an all time high, and a general feeling of malaise had washed over Americans like day-old bath water. Some overly moralistic souls believed that this was our comeuppance for the wild and decadent time had by all during the roaring 20s, but that was simply because the ebb and flow of global economics was beyond their limited understanding. Contrary to the rest of the known world, 1931 was a banner year for Universal pictures. The studio was in the midst of its first profitable year ever. The success of the studio was due to the performance of a single extraordinary picture... Dracula. Not wanting to be left out of what was perceived to be the coming horror film windfall, and with rumors that Universal had already secured the rights to film Frankenstein, Metro Goldwyn-Mayer contacted Dracula’s director Tod Browning with a lucrative offer to do the ultimate horror picture. Upon offering Browning complete creative control, MGM’s executive in charge of production Irving Thalberg told the director, “Give me something horrible.” Browning delivered in spades.
Drawing on his childhood experience in show business, (Browning really did run away to join the circus), as well as inspiration from the Tod Robbins short story “Spurs”, Browning scripted an eerie revenge tale, centering around a scheming trapeze artist who pretends to fall in love with a midget in order to murder him for his money. Set in a circus sideshow that was to feature real life “human curiosities” Freaks promised to be one of the most innovative movies ever shot.
The story goes that when Irving Thalberg read the script for this new project, he buried his head in his hands and bemoaned, “I asked for something horrible... and I got it.” But a deal was a deal and the contract was signed, so like it or not Freaks had gotten the green light. Besides, this movie would cost hardly anything to make; Thalberg planned on recycling the sets from Browning’s silent circus picture, The Unknown and if it could bring in Dracula sized box office, who cared what was in it?
Browning immediately set to work by pouring over the talent rosters of every circus sideshow and exhibition he could find. He had one absolute policy. No artificial or man-made acts could be used. Browning wanted stark realism and felt this could only be achieved by using what he called “natural freaks.” Before long, much to the dismay of studio head Louis B. Mayer, a parade of pinheads, bearded ladies, half-boys, and human skeletons all converged on MGM studios. Little did Mayer realize that the casting of the freaks would be the least problematic element of pre-production. MGM had under contract the lovely up and coming actress Myrna Loy, and slated her to play the amazonian antagonist Cleopatra, but she was so genuinely horrified by the script that she begged to be let out of it. Jean Harlow was the first choice to play Venus, the kindly seal-trainer, but she too would have no part of Freaks. As star after star turned down the offered parts, it became all too clear that Freaks would not be what was then called “a prestige picture”. Undaunted, Tod Browning finally found his villainess in the form of Olga Baclanova, a semi-retired silent screen star from Moscow. Leila Hyams, who would later star in 1932’s The Island of Lost Souls, would play Venus.
As for the movie’s title characters, Browning settled on a true cornucopia of human anomalies. There was Harry and Daisy Earles playing the diminutive protagonist couple, Hans and Freda; Zippy and Schlitzie, billed as missing links or pinheads due to their overly small craniums and diminished intellectual capacity; Johnny Eck the half-boy, who was missing from the belt-line down; Peter Robinson the Human Skeleton; Frances O’Connor, the Armless Wonder who could pour beer and crochet with her toes; Prince Randian the Living Torso, so named because he was missing both his arms and his legs; Daisy and Violet Hilton, the conjoined twins; Angelo Rosito, a dwarf; Koo Koo the bird girl, named after her avian-like facial features and costume;, Elizabeth Green the Stork Girl, a similar act to Koo Koo; Olga Roderick the Bearded Lady and Josephine Joseph, the hermaphroditic half man, half woman, split vertically.
Freaks began shooting in October of 1931, and right away it was evident that this picture would be... different. The first indication of this happened on the first day of shooting during the lunch break when the freaks descended on the studio commissary. To say that they caused a stir amongst the other actors would be a dreadful understatement. The author F. Scott Fitzgerald after a night of drunken excess was reported to have left the commissary in the middle of lunch to vomit upon seeing the conjoined twins Daisy and Violet Hilton discussing their meal with each other, holding a single menu between them. Given the number of complaints from studio staff and actors, the freaks were banished to an outdoor picnic area near the shooting stages. Ironically, one of the only exceptions to this decree from Louis B. Mayer’s office, besides Harry and Daisy Earles, was Daisy and Violet Hilton. Having previously acted and played music (piano and saxophone) in vaudeville, they had the right to eat with the other actors.
While the movie’s star attractions were having their dining arrangements reevaluated, the director was having problems of his own. Browning excelled in the environment of silent films where he could call out a constant stream of instructions to his stars. In 1929, with the advent of sound, this luxury was lost to directors and a new, more explanatory style was needed. The switch over to sound had never sat well with Browning. Upon a close examination of Dracula, Browning’s first talkie, the viewer can see Browning straining to hold on to his silent film roots, as a variety of dialogue-free scenes permeate the film. By the time Freaks was shooting, Browning had decided, consciously or not, to wage war on talking pictures by making a film where half the cast was virtually unintelligible. Even the most famous scene in Freaks, the “wedding feast”, was shot with a silent film camera, and the soundtrack added in post-production. And what a soundtrack! In another salvo against talking pictures, Browning recorded a track unlike any in film history. Imagine a table full of over a dozen sideshow circus performers of varying intellectual capacity, and comfort with the English language banging on a table chanting “Gooble gobble... gooble... gobble.”
In spite of interference from studio executives who wanted to see the picture shut down, Tod Browning completed shooting of Freaks in 36 days. The chore of editing the film fell to Basil Wrangell who often lamented his fate by saying, “Having to look at these things for 18 hours a day is enough to make you wanna crawl up a wall.” After much promotion and polishing, Freaks premiered at New York’s Rialto Theater in January 1932. MGM had charged Tod Browning with making them the ultimate horror picture, but the result was not what the studio had planned. At the New York premiere a woman ran screaming from the theater. Another woman is said to have sued the studio because she miscarried while watching Freaks. In an attempt to ride the wave of the sort of publicity that one could not buy, MGM had a nurse on duty at the Rialto, but the message was already coming in from the public and critics alike: Freaks had gone too far.
The images presented were “too real”, and the ending too horrifying. Many women’s and religious groups felt that Freaks was a new low in Hollywood. As a result, Freaks had committed the one unpardonable sin in Hollywood: it failed to make money. The film was banned in many countries and MGM pulled it from distribution after a very short engagement. After one more attempt at making a studio picture, Tod Browning retired form the movie business and moved into a comfortable, albeit reclusive existence in Malibu. Freaks had killed his career. He would never direct again.
Freaks was locked away in the MGM film vault never to be seen again... or so the studio thought. It would be three decades in coming but Freaks would finally find its audience. In the art house theaters of New York City, college campus screenings, and the counter culture spreading across America in the 1960’s, Freaks was rediscovered by a whole new generation of moviegoers, and this one was ready for it.
The simple poignant story about “abnormal” individuals with good hearts and a real sense of community resonated with people struggling to find their own niche in a country that they felt had left them wanting. Being a “freak” was now a good thing, and still is. In retrospect, people look back on Freaks as being a compassionate film, showing these people as being just like the rest of us. It is this that allows us to truly relate to the freaks in the film. Who amongst us does not have something about themselves they would rather have different? And yet in spite of that we are decent, loving people just like they are. Much has been said about Freaks both positive and negative over the last seventy years, but no matter what, you will never see anything like it, because Freaks more than any other film holds up a mirror to humanity and forces us to confront the secret ugliness that exists within all of us. In that way, perhaps Tod Browning really did deliver on his promise of making the ultimate horror film.
Freaks is available for sale on DVD here.