clomid help conceive twins fluconazole serum levels isotretinoin side effect graying of hair usos del clomid can you take viagra into spain how long is a 20 mg tablet of levitra is effective tamoxifen...help side effects paroxetine shelf life furosemide pediatrica red c200 viagra nolvadex tokom kure inderal side effects hair loss prednisone eye drops effect on blood pressure ist kamagra eine droge amoxicillin generic dosage depo provera clomid natural herbal viagra fucked by a man who took viagra does synthroid burn fat wellbutrin patient assistance program application mobicarte orange tarifs sms antidepressants zyprexa isotretinoina ronchas high dose clomiphene isotretinoina salcobrand cymbalta withdrawal weight loss lupin pharmaceuticals lisinopril hctz images paxil dangerous drug what viagra feel tetracycline anti depressants albuterol 0.83 nebulizer erythromycin augmentin interaction pradaxa vs clopidogrel viagra in chocolate who does abilify voice over pamelor 10 mg capsule strattera adhd dose cialis 5 mg diario bula soft viagra mobicip levels nifedipine molecular formula common dose of buspar getting pregnant at 45 with clomid thuoc glucophage 1000 mg se puede llevar viagra en el avion gabapentin cold feet effets sevrage paxil remedio atenolol 50mg para que serve tadalafil cost does cytotec really work does celexa cause weight gain loss can you take maxalt and tylenol compare viagra prices at major retailers lipitor tablet price is viagra australia trustworthy can you take topamax with adipex image of viagra generic tegretol and tamoxifen amoxicillin allergy drugs avoid atorvastatin ranbaxy 40 co to za esomeprazole and gastroenteritis homemade female viagra estrace dergboadre overnight valtrex fda pregnancy does metformin cause migraines grifulvin rowcmoadreders dosage kamagra y diabetes ciprodex sus cutting prednisone in half side effects for amitriptyline hcl ciprofloxacin and age nexium made up lexapro side effects vomiting manufacturer of doxycycline why take metformin with food triiodothyronine thyroxine hypothyroidism bactrim stiff neck headache metformina para adelgazar sin ser diabetica azithromycin milk terbinafine drug bank para que sirve el ciprofloxacino paxil tobacco synthroid and vivid dreams singulair suicidal ideation amitriptyline and anadin isotretinoina tratamiento ritalin and zyprexa combination side effects diflucan one shoppers drug mart metoprolol vs atenolol blood brain barrier zovirax labiale foglio illustrativo cialis online brand aldactone and prednisone augmentin fc dosificacion de zoloft cuanto vale el cialis sildenafil eller viagra how long it takes to fell viagra effect generic finasteride work for anyone sertraline type drug contraindications of nexium ciprofloxacin skip a dose the antidepressant drugs cymbalta and effexor act by ivermectina para rosacea what age does a man need viagra concentration of ampicillin in lb does cabergoline cause birth defects zoloft is a benzodiazepine tenormin un quarto cialis 2.5 mg uk motrin and robaxin together nortriptyline gastro fluvoxamine abilify what is the normal dosage for seroquel metronidazole and yeast infections can you get a rash from lexapro azithromycin dihydrate single dose history of nexium cialis and bph mechanism of action anafranil 25 mg et grossesse cabergoline rijvaardigheid valtrex complete list of side effects augmentin xr rash how much time viagra pill will works higado graso y lipitor zyprexa and your energy field harga obat amoxicillin 500mg buspar and viagra azithromycin dental pre med lisinopril and lorazepam bagi fluconazole kucing zovirax tablets prophylaxis powdered viagra on clit aldactone 50 dosage side effects of prednisone 5 mg in dogs cipro hexal 500 mg nebenwirkungen nolvadex to remove gyno paroxetine and claritin lipitor high liver enzyme clomiphene citrate testosterone level how to remove side effects of viagra estradiol target genes cost of daily use cialis walmart 2 week wait with 3rd round of clomid clopidogrel nach stent wie lange famvir expiration date cymbalta duloxetin erfahrungen levitra and women who have tried it cytotec in english causes mobic withdrawal tomar cialis e atripla paxil and valium what does albuterol interact with spironolactone trade names cialis para que serve viagra avigra doxycycline hyclate appearance adderall and paxil serotonin syndrome tamoxifen und immunsystem how long i can last inside vagina using viagra vilazodone vs celexa can zoloft cause a panic attack extenze and cialis taken togethet acyclovir untuk wanita hamil efek samping amoxicillin sirup clomid otc men risk of stroke with premarin decadron prednisone difference metronidazole effexor janine ethinyl estradiol and dienogest is paxil a strong antidepressant inderal effects pregnancy olanzapine full effect zyprexa products liability litigation septra ds diverticulitis cvs minuteclinic viagra celebrex stopping use flomax natural replacement sertraline 12mg how long does it take before misoprostol works augmentin 875 generic name does zoom whitening work on tetracycline stained teeth losing weight taking synthroid seldane erythromycin interaction lamisil 1 una aplicacion free dapoxetine trial efecte augmentin zofran define allegra printing norwalk ct kamagra cialis on line synthroid food drug interactions boots zovirax antiviral tablet metronidazole arena 250 mg comprimate desyrel 100 mg etkileri zovirax dizziness does lipitor cause dizziness estradiol green oval fluconazole cream walgreens long term effects of zoloft withdrawal what would happen if a female ingested viagra proventil nebulizer dose increased levels of synthroid can ciprofloxacin tablets be cut in half byetta metformin actos chelation tetracyclines metal ions metronidazole pancytopenia how much metformin for pcos weight loss bupropion i?eren ila?lar zoloft side effects viagra cialis p? kvinner order viagra canada online andres ciclo para clomid ventolin low blood sugar cialis can you stay hard ampicillin jerawat priligy bahasa malaysia higher dose of cialis levitra cialis kombinieren accutane long term use how long can you maintain erection while using viagra topamax and tumors antidepresiv zoloft valtrex sivuvaikutukset indian viagra supplies do you get acne again after accutane nortriptyline and oral contraceptives lisinopril hctz without potassium inderal 40 mg price methocarbamol aspirin what is better vardenafil and sildenafil furosemide dosage weight metronidazole triconex dosage on infants fake kamagra websites can clomid be taken on day 6 viagra forum vente en ligne with viagra can you keep going after ejaclation effect of viagra with ms celexa and sun exposure can erythromycin be used for chest infections ketoconazole nizoral shampoo or cream ovulate early clomid when to take paroxetine bupropion walmart generic viagra en los angeles cuanto cuesta priligy en peru jual ketoconazole cream buy xenical weight loss dostinex e impotenza is cipro prescribed for strep throat tadalafil 200mg is safe to dose levaquin vyvanse griseofulvin age what does albuterol do for rsv celexa vs lexapro antidepressants what is the average cost of a 30 day supply of cialis viagra fucking female to orgasms cephalexin left out of refrigerator nursing considerations for infant albuterol amitriptyline ptsd olanzapine main side effects doxycycline hyclate vs monohydrate side effects bacteria treated with amoxicillin what next after taking cytotec augmentin for cold and flu do you cum when you are on viagra flagyl bula portugal lasix administracion endovenosa viagra tablete za potenciju cymbalta made me pass out tocolysis nifedipine dose what are the ingredients in ondansetron doxycycline bij sinusitis allegra d package zoloft withdrawal symptoms length cialis half a pill how many mg of diflucan should i take for ringworm levitra plavix prednisone interactions with nsaids adalat sony myeduniya beta estradiol hormone cipro package insert nexium how long before it starts working how to avoid headache from cialis can you build tolerance to viagra tadalafil rualis before and after viagra prednisone patch reactions amoxicillin toddlers why would prednisone not be prescribed for encephalitis lamisil oral for anal itch para que serve o nexium 40mg walgreens generic diovan albuterol sulfate mucinex cephalexin coverage of enterococcus thuoc adalat 10mg does zoom whitening work on tetracycline stains clomipramine pet pharmacy effects from cipro is bupropion like adderall metoprolol insulin interaction cialis mexico pharmacy cost como se consigue cytotec proventil dergboadre dosage ciprofloxacina e crohn clomid step up protocol clomid cancer de mama does wellbutrin make you quit smoking azithromycin 500 mg pregnant phenergan euphoria how to take zithromax 500mg for gonorrhea acyclovir suppressive therapy for genital herpes kamagra hindistan cialis online genuine buy prevacid protonix nexium escitalopram and delayed ejaculation doxycycline shortage price gouging how muchis viagra at boots is it save to buy levitra online sulfonamide allergy and hydrochlorothiazide is there an alternative to allegra d raquel allegra deconstructed dot tree indomethacin vs aleve for gout proscar warnings acyclovir collirio azithromycin preparation what class of drug is atarax augmentin antibiotico assunzione griseofulvin sulfa amoxicillin how much without insurance is online cialis safe thyroxine slimming tablets sildenafil taken with extenze amitriptyline hydrochloride ssri buy ciprofloxacin online amex strattera goes generic can u buy viagra from tesco can 5mg of prednisone cause weight gain over the counter pills containing furosemide 20 mg side effects of metoprolol er succinate ceftin and amoxicillin generic drug for luvox cr ciprofloxacin bei adnexitis viagra si puo spezzare cialis for men over the counter does zofran really help abilify jobs can lexapro and clonazepam be taken together about cialis tablets doxycycline interactions alcohol baclofen for esophageal spasm metformin get high allopurinol dosage forms flomax plus finasteride no prescription canada yahoo how much should i pay for viagra in cabo mexico does doxycycline cause infections in dogs forma molecular ciprofloxacina 10mg prednisone for 7 days zoloft and lovenox flagyl 500mg untuk pria topamax lethargic will cialis make help me last longer in bed adverse reaction to cephalexin in dogs gabapentin dose in renal insufficiency headache and cialis melatonin and cymbalta interaction lisinopril withdrawal treatment how do u order arabic herb viagra 50 or 100 mg clomid seroquel pronunciation amlodipine benazepril color pill how long does slow release propranolol take to work follistim clomid and iui cuanto tarda en hacer efecto las cytotec 25 mg topamax for mood stabilizer cipro for acne online baclofen cerebral palsy hotel cynthiana beach cipro viagra walmart brand metformin meaning lideri vs viagra cephalexin prevent diarrhea side effects of prednisone dispersible tablets albuterol .63 mg ciprofloxacina calox 500 mg or 5mg metronidazole dentists nifedipine dosage preterm labor amoxicillin pakistan what can happen if i take viagra and cialis robaxin other names levaquin side effects potassium lisinopril adcc allegra digital printing clomid resolve pcas esomeprazole metronidazole your period prednisone dog leaking urine 40mg brand cialis jak stosowac lek fluconazole zithromax oral suspension epocrates coupons for albuterol hfa acyclovir as a preventative can you eat food with viagra sildenafil gas station lasix liquidum beipackzettel celexa wellbutrin together weight loss indications and dosage of erythromycin dostinex medicinale what is the correct dosage for metformin estrace dosage for ivf propecia erezioni spontanee aciclovir jarabe dosis adulto viagra online store com meubles allegra furniture celexa restless sleep lexapro birth control interaction is viagra safe for pregnant women how to avoid the side effects of metformin why lasix is not working cipro basics 250 erfahrung ciprofloxacin for escherichia coli lisinopril contra losartan bula metoprolol 25 mg meloxicam sandoz alcohol vanzare cialis 2.5 mg finasteride side effects female aviane and fluconazole what is metronidazole 200mg tablets proscar and itching turmeric zoloft lipitor rabdomiolisis nortriptyline hereisthebestin side effects tetracycline chien mucomyst and metformin tomber enceinte sous aldactone prednisone poison ivy drug interactions libido after paxil can i buy cialis in shanghai viagra pills street value diflucan 150 mg per candida propranolol sperm motility ciprodex otic suspension placebo effect generic viagra soft tabs 50 mg seroquel sales metronidazole i.v manufacturer ireland and uk is viagra and levitra safe if i am taking adderall natural alternative to zovirax neurontin overdose seizure is viagra off patent yet how to fuck using cialis drug interactions cymbalta ultram to much. cialis sniffing a topiramate 25 mg propranolol dose in pregnancy izaziva li zoloft ovisnost neurontin oral shingles dostinex pre?o infarmed tamsulosin how long till effective wellbutrin similar medications can u buy viagra from tesco medicamento flagyl 500 mg para sirve viagra pode causar impotencia what time of day should take clomid cialis kaufen nachnahme is generic levitra as effective as levitra xenical en turquie ketoconazole antifungal shampoo premarin as a contraceptive duloxetine hcl 30 mg. once daily gave me diarrhea finasteride 1mg apteka cena tiempo para quedar embarazada con metformina too much azithromycin cat baclofen induced delirium valacyclovir on empty stomach levothyroxine misselijk cytotec nerden alabilirim bactrim and hsp como tomar cytotec por via oral men coming off lexapro side effects acyclovir velcade venta de cytotec en farmacias de el salvador 1 viagra pille kaufen azithromycin dosage cats bartonella metformin side effects pcos with alcohol company that owns viagra topamax abilify weight loss keflex contents levitra e ipertensione purchase propecia hereisthebestin cipro for lung infection taking metformin and prometrium aciclovir con pastillas anticonceptivas paxil alternatives webmd dostinex generico pre il clomid alza la temperatura basale buy propecia in us furosemide insufficienza renale cronica duloxetine crohns is lisinopril timed release fiv con estradiol alto propecia infertility men taking clomid to increase testosterone



Related Articles
« MO »
About the Author
Kyshah Hell is an accomplished chameleon that dreams in color not black and white. This somewhat Celtic Yankee W.A.S.P. fancies herself a Gothic Glamour Punk. “I could never pigeon hole myself into a single category. I have too much fun playing dress-up across the board.”

Ms. Hell lives in Danbury, CT. with the love of her life, Steve, and her soul mate Glamour Puss, the pre-requisite black cat. Send accolades and anti-Goth slurs to her via e-mail.
« MO »

Ill | Chris Beetow


Curious Contraption: The Victorian Bustle
Kyshah Hell
Fashion has always gone hand in hand with sexuality. Not only does it attract members of the opposite sex, but it also highlights alluring portions of the body. And looking good to the opposite sex is just as important as looking good for oneself. When items as curious as the Victorian bustle come into fashion, one must wonder how it came into style; why the male of the species found it attractive considering the exaggerated feature it portrayed and highlighted.
From a 21st century viewpoint, it is easy to see how this posterior plumping style is so sexual, but in the supposedly sexless Victorian era was it a subconscious reaction to the repressed? Throughout history, all cultures and time periods have found all kinds of body parts to sexually objectify and many alluring female styles have their roots in male desires. Women are always looking for ways to make themselves more enticing and the bustle is the perfect example of this. It seems to defy logic, but it makes perfect sexual sense and is perhaps the most curious western fashion of the last 100 years.
The bustle was in style for two distinct periods in the Victorian era. The early period was from 1869 until 1876 and the later period from 1883 through 1889. What is so curious is how it came into fashion twice and how it fell out of fashion for those six years in between. Other than the evolution of fashion, there is no clear answer to this question but one can always speculate.
Both periods had slightly different shapes to the bustle that reflected its evolution as well as innovation. In the 1850’s and 1860’s, women wore crinoline skirts that eventually evolved into gigantic cages that could hardly fit through a doorway. They were so popular that women of every status participated dressing in this style. For the upper classes, by the late 1860’s, the crinoline had nowhere else to go but up. When the new bustle style debuted, it was ridiculed and laughed at by the lower class women. This leads me to conclude that separation of the classes may have been a mitigating factor in the adoption of the bustle by upper class women. Interestingly enough, the crinoline continued on in fashion until about 1878.
The early bustle period was marked by extreme embellishment. Ruffles, trains, bows, tassels, and extra folds of fabric were all employed to trim dresses. The skirts’ shape was one of general largeness. The bustle fell off the rear end and continued down to the floor. Excess fabric was a hallmark of this period. By 1876, the bustle began shrinking but the skirt still remained voluminous and by the end of the early bustle period the posterior bump had moved into fabric folds and down to the back of the knee and lower in a fan style. This streamlined fashion remained for another six years before the bustle came back bigger that ever in 1883. A nearly shelf-sized shape marks the later bustle period.
The contraptions that held up skirts ranged from coiled springs to rounded horsehair bags. The full-length bustles that marked the sloping style of the early period were cumbersome to sit in as well as carry and control while walking. The second period’s bustles were lightweight and collapsible for easy sitting. Clean, simple lines marked the later bustle period. The embellishments of the early period were completely gone but the layers of fabric remained. The bustle successfully hid a multitude of flaws until 1889, when the Aesthetic movement began to sew its seeds.
The evolution of the bustle style is evident, but where did something so outrageous come from? As stated above, this is, of course, a question for speculation. Many clothing styles seem to evolve out of the pure ingenuity of its designer and the sheer desire for consumption by the wealthy. For all of the history of clothing, more has always been more. The bustle was a way to show wealth and superiority through yards and yards of fabric. It even required more fabric than the crinoline style that preceded it. Only the well-to-do could afford excess fabric for embellishment and the desire for the upper classes to remain isolated from the lower classes both in rank and in style was fierce. This has contributed to any number of seemingly impossible fashion styles through the ages. For a woman who had to keep a home clean and food on the table, the bustle must have seemed ridiculous. Trying to work with a wire contraption tied to your rear end must have been impossible at best.
Although upper class ladies did not have to work and could present themselves fashionably, hard-to-negotiate costumes isolated upper class women even further. In an ironic twist of fate, secluding their bodies kept these women in a prison of their own making, perpetuating the myth of the weaker sex just as the corset did. Sex in fashion is always an underlying theme.
Victorian men must have benefited from the sex appeal the bustle style exuded. A man’s imagination could have run wild wondering what part of the style was all woman and what part was manufactured. One must remember that in this time period, a woman could cause quite the scandal if she flashed an ankle in public! For the most part a man could only dream of the flesh under the clothing. The bustle style made the posterior appear larger which in turn caused the breasts to look larger as well. Add to that the corseted waist and you have one sexy silhouette.
In the 1850’s, the Cakewalk, an African-American slave dance, was invented on a Florida Plantation. This line dance with leg kicks eventually evolved into an exaggeration of the body figure with the posterior jutting out and the breasts pushed forward; just as the corseted bustled figure mimicked twenty years later. (Incidentally the Cakewalk was the first American dance to cross over from black to white society.) A heavily racist cartoon of the black female performing this dance quickly became synonymous with the Cakewalk. This caricature became known as the Hot-n-Tot Venus. One can make many obvious parallels between this ‘Venus’ and the corseted female form wearing a bustle. By the late 19th Century, the Cakewalk was the most fashionable dance in the civilized world, and only fashionable women sported the bustle style.
Sexually suggestive styles, like the bustle, will always occupy a special place in the hearts of fashion lovers everywhere. When looking to the past for inspiration, Gothic fashion lovers can romanticize the subtle sexiness of the Victorian bustle.
One can easily create a modern bustle using items found around the house. I myself fill a rectangular shaped piece of stretch net fabric with a crinoline skirt of any size and tie it to my waist. When I put a skirt on over it with a bustle shape you’d never know the difference. Skirts can also emulate the bustle style easily with attached strings that bunch the fabric (such as the offering from Calypso in Shopping Sources below).
Antique Victorian skirts with bustles can be found in a range of prices and conditions and many are repairable and adaptable to modern sizes. The bustle itself is such an extraordinarily constructed foundation garment that today one could even wear it as an accessory on the outside of a garment. It has even inspired today’s fashion designers like Vivienne Westwood and John Galliano. The bustle has a silhouette that reeks of romance and Goth at the same time. Take time to appreciate its ingenious construction as well as its place in the fashion hall of oddities.
Shopping

Calypso Clothing in New York City makes a high fashion bustle style skirt every season in a variety of colors and fabrics. The cost is around $150. 424 Broome Street, New York. 212-274-0449

Gallery Serpentine makes an elaborate PVC bustle skirt that can be ordered in any fabric.

Starkers! makes a tieback version of the Victorian bustle skirt.

Corinthia’s Victorian Costume & Millinery has a lovely bustle ensemble.

Amazon Drygoods sells Victorian bustle patterns, for those of you who prefer to fashion your own authentic bustle ensemble.
Resources

Truly Victorian Costume Patterns from the era itself. Includes a Victorian silhouette history.

Real Victorian Clothing Images 1830-1899

The Vintage Connection Zine has a section on how to clean and care for antique clothing.

A short history of the Cakewalk at The Dance History Archives.