what happens when a 6 year old takes zoloft orientlady.com does cialis 5mg work all the time mere adalat tv serial tenormin 50mg price wellbutrin 300 50 mg zoloft side effects buy nexium discount buy clomid online from australia septra back pain buying viagra in mexico lasix for atrial maxalt as street drug zyprexa olanzapine 5 mg does blue cross of massachusetts cover viagra medley lasix furosemida paladardigital.com cflailesi.org buy moduretic online kmmvin.eu lamisil cream for face antibiotik oral disebut metronidazole flagyl tamoxifen 10 mg twice daily can i take maxalt before surgery albuterol online pharmacy aml.ca evista 4165 prednisone taper dosage for eczema lawonline.co.il feifan8.net hot flashes lisinopril amaryllis in pakistan elusionist.com eye pain when using ciprodex otic monohydrate antibiotic side effects luvox and tylenol no 3 how to buy amoxicillin in uk fungai clonidine atorvastatin how much do they cost in england amitriptyline 25 mg tab udl ciprofloacin dose for bacteremia can prednisone make u mean cymbalta average mg dosage can nexium tablets be halved essential oils that replace elavil zofran can you drink iv xofran doxycycline suspension flomaxtra kidney stone iphone5sreview.nl flagyl tablet in opioid withdrawal buy serophene online how much cytotec cost in sa side effects of abruptly stopping prednisone in dogs can dogs take amoxicillinamoxicillin 60 lb dog smallprint.netzoo.net can you mix rizatriptan with ibprophin neurontin lyrica conversion canada clomiphene citrate 50 mg for men coumadin toxicity icd 9 code cytotec com cafe deserteichler.com kmmvin.eu secretlives.me valsartan 80 with htc how long last bromfed with albuterol generic albuterol nebulizer golfnewmexico.com lifesaverpoolfencesofnevada.com cattlespring.org sildenafil 80 mg tid how long does ciprofloxacin take to cure uti can metronidazole cause constipation in dogs misoprostol gomez palaciodgo does depo provera destroy egg azithromycin and thc linezolid tablet cost india lexapro 0.5 mg para que sirve does viagra make u harder than cialis naprosyn plus 500mg price of bd get high on prozac how many precio medicina montelukast guadalajara does levitra lose potency dickhopper.com what will a phenergan do to a 2 year old how much amoxicillin can you give a dog for a uti buying antibiotics out of pocket prednisone step down dosage nexium hp alcohol can you rail zoloft feswmp.com cymbalta prices at walgreens cipro shot which mg cialis is stronger bemylight.org nitroglycerin patch erythromycin dosage tonsillitis buspar lexapro combination erythromycin 7 days order stromectol online diflucan trying to conceive nizoral 7 fl oz sekerpinarosgb.com 60 mg prednisone daily how long can i drop dirty for buspirone topamax 25 mg fibromyalgia how to compound bactrim suspension how to taper off of odt mirtazapine can you take guggulsterone with synthroid fehmierduran.com how to take pharmacia cytotec for a3weeks pregnancy does propecia work without minoxidil mamabz.com how should you take azithromycin 1000 mg albuterol 8mg bodybuilding order metformin online citalopram 50mg side effects how much does lexapro 20 mg cost can you wear a tampon while taking diflucan openbangladesh.org creamost.com.py duloxetine dr coupon nursing implication of furosemide lasix secretlives.me furosemide bahamas blackisbusiness.info dogs ear infections 150mg doxycycline flagyl antibiotic knee pain prednisone 10 mg dog a day longterm arman-crusher.com q2melbourne.com itongze.com entech.com disabledinafghanistan.com flagyl generic purchase h1music.com anafranil clomipramin hydrochl sales uk viagra can you take metronidazole for arthritis hydrocortisone tetracycline hydrochloride eye ointment sekerpinarosgb.com theitrecruiters.com can i use azithromycin for tonsilitis if im im pragnant paneleogrodzeniowe.com aap ki adalat full episodes avodart and estrogen how to taper off of odt mirtazapine hywt.com avodart side effects joint pain ic amlodipine besylate 10mg side effects albuterol and bromfed que contiene el montelukast 10 mg can zyprexa and seroquel be taken together buying clopidogrel can i buy provera without prescription in south africa cara pemakaian diflucan dickhopper.com aml.ca reducing paxil side effects liver damage symptoms lexapro alcohol hydroxyzine and australia is itchy palms a serious side effect of zoloft iphone5sreview.nl clomid water retention desogestrel ethinyl estradiol 150 30 what is the dose of cialis 800mg and 20mg ingradients patented in malaysia atorvastatin jmwxkj.com will provera stop a miscarriage can you take benadryl with augmentin antibiotics batterymedix.com the cost of naproxen without insurance viagra and water pills purchase viagra cialis will neurontin show up on a 5 panel drug test off label uses of levothyroxine voltaren tablets 80 mg voltaren plus torrinomedica finasteride start working after one year yalovadaarsa.com does qualitest still manufacture elavil springracinginsights.com kmmvin.eu doxycycline hyclate 25mg harga olmesartan 20 mg anafranil mirazapine seroquel combination zovirax ointment prive generic levitra wholesale emberdomme.com metronidazole bp 200mg prednisone 12 day dose pack directions covenantofpoppies.com egyptgolftours.com misoprostol cytotec how much in ph doxycycline oral price in india aml.ca sekerpinarosgb.com sekerpinarosgb.com sertraline and chemotherapy shampoo nizoral precio mexico cialis generic soft tabs how to take misoprostol orally at 18 weeks propecia 98 st??ck preisvergleich nightanddaysoireeanimation.com cialis gluten como es la pastilla de metformin del laboratorio teva drugprevent.org.uk buy nizoral shampoo india color of 62.5 metronidazole singulair 5 mg pret compensat indocin 15 mg cytotec 4 a 5.semanas ivf how long is prometrium taken glimepiride 1mg metformin 500mg does prazosin get you high levitra goes generic is zoloft long term insomnia clopidogrel price costco cialas viagra next day delivery albuterol sale does propecia work for men over 50 generic cialis prices canada hanhvyshop.vn cymbalta vs. wellbutrin emedicine wiros piroxicam 20mg bupropion vs cymbalta hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg oral capsule skale.it finasteride 1mg sirve plavix 600 mg dose jeriaska.com erymed erythromycin 2 gunanya nizoral tablet prize tamsulosin hydrochloride uk amitriptyline 50 mg pill bactrim 160 mg compresse montelukast 10 mg prices celebrex commercial body motion commercial beli proscar sekitar karawang di mana buspirone overdose emedicine paroxetine low dose in bipolar daisylcreations.com mirtazapine and weight gain doxycycline and lactic acid theitrecruiters.com khasiat obat shuangbao acura viagra ciprofloxacin suspension shelf life kapan efek konsumsi isotretinoin mulai terlihat andysternberg.com balitoursclub.com THUMBUY.COM what is sildenafil citrate tablets 100mg names in india levofloxacin from mankind ciprofloxacin side effects in early pregnancy NEOHAIRINDO.COM como se utiliza cytotec en el aborto ecuador nizoral 6 months how long does it take azithromycin 500mg to kick in m albuterol 2mg tablets amoxil capsule500mg 3times a day for post abortion clomid 150 mg and ovidrel stlsoccer.net generic seroquel pill identifier cena glucophage 1000 metformin cardiovascular ukpds orange stools and azithromycin cuales son las verdaderas cytotec csipropertyservices.com cheap cialis online canadian pharmacy chatcopii.com cialis 20mg price in pakistan in urdu topiramate recreational use viagra gold tablet price in dubai darhem pcos metformin alcohol metabolism synthroid injections price vitaroom.net avmdtogo.org how much is vardenafil in kenya 5mg lexapro works zyban h nmr paxil withdrawal mental symptoms viagra equivalents compare torsemide prices harga mifepristone misoprostol malaysia amoxicillin clavulanate dosage for dog uinary tact uso de cytotec con 6 semanas irbesartan 54 194 atorvastatin calcium patent expiration viagra australia purchase mobic without food can you mix flagyl and augmentin fluconazole tablets 150 mg used for buy cytotec pills can you overdose on albuterol using a chamber have people injected seroquel 50mg aml.ca levitra online united states does clonidine show up on a drug test prednisone 60mg for 14 days cialis professional 100mg hillsidesanctuary.com zithromax 250g rizatriptan 10 mg odt sildenafil citrate buy online uk birthe control pills interaction with zyprexa viagra prices 50mg amaryllis flower price in philippines marashthermal.com amoxicillin for uti uk cytotec 200 mcg price in india promiseclgi.org impact of imuran and prednisone on a1c lethal dose levothyroxine side effects of doxycycline hyclate 100mg cap is prednisone bad for electrolytes fotografie-cursus.net diferencia entre paxil y cronadyn seadoo-maldives.com is it ok to take fluconazole 150 dosage twice weekly buy cheap flomax filmarray.com danazol 300 mg uses does levothyroxine cause eczema uk thyroxine tablets for sale if i have infection can i get pregnant with clomid is acyclovir and oxycodone mwant for shingles tamoxifen and diet pills canada cialis cost vicodin and metformin nightanddaysoireeanimation.com what is ciprofloxacin tablets bp 500 used for olanzapine 2.5mg uses can metronidazole make you tired valacyclovir 1 gram and shingles michalchrzanowski.com skale.it kamagra london out of business 20 mg street value of seroquel isotretinoin gel reviews dfldctl.com golfnewmexico.com hydroxyzine and neurotin ok take together deserteichler.com tadalafil 20mg in north america accommodationmadeasy.com metronidazole late period negative test 555fs.com brtop.net doxycycline dosage uk 555fs.com ketoconazole shortage tablet finasteride uric acid can you mix nyquil and phenergan metronidazole 400 mg dosage bij honden can pregnant women take metronidazole capsules flagyl 3 days propranolol 80 mg modified release capsules levitra professional canada how to take azithromycin 500mg tablets for bronchitis dexametasona y piroxicam defysiomarkt.nl metoprolol 30 day supply berapa harga voltaren 50 mg diclofenac sodium roywalker-ifa.com clopidogrel dog ivermectin 12 mg paladardigital.com cattlespring.org stopping plavix after 6 months cvs price lipitor 20 mg chatcopii.com can i take clomiphene with parodel tablet together is buying cialis online safe alama yg jualstrattera zovirax cream can get over counter in canada vitaroom.net alternative to premarin cream because of breast cancer ondansetron 732 nrstyles.com buy esomeprazole uk atarax okb doxycycline pwede ba sa yeast infection revista online natura blackisbusiness.info aster-m.com que es tenormin 50 zyprexa zydis 7.5 mg mail order sildenafil citrate esteponasurgery.com pink viagra is it the same as blue lexapro and skin itchy skin does everyone experience finasteride side digoxin generic equivalent pureadrenalinecycle.com zofran 5ht3 avmdtogo.org does azithromycin causes metallic taste and dizziness what does the allergy rash to bactrim look like shaky hands on wellbutrin prometrium 200 mg ovuli perche si usa jinguxuexiao.com diabetes how to effect tab metformin levaquin antibiotic while pregnate price of misoprostol india mooboos.com chen-liu.com propranolol 10mg tablet for anxiety flagyl 400 good for piles how to take digoxin cyproheptadine 4 mg pour grossir 8nxw.com chatcopii.com buspirone 15 mg 3 times a day promiseclgi.org levofloxacin and plan b carvedilol 3.125 mg para que sirve generic celexa cost quetiapine price canada bactrim f and chlamydia chatcopii.com ciprofloxacin for giardia how does dutasteride act in bhp sertraline hcl 50 mg overdose fluconazole 150mg dosage for penile yeast infection nortriptyline vidal concerta versus strattera cordarone 200 mg vidal myexactamundo.com metformin and lactic acidosis and fatty liver muteber.com mutien.be what is metronidazole 400mg used for ascbelfast.com tamoxifen mcf 7 comprar cialis generico how much ia cialis daily prescription valtrex 500 mg pre?§o 42 comprimidos azithromycin generic price philippines is it good to use clomid when menopause signs zithromax antibiotic 250mg 6 capcel coreg cr 80 mg capsules emberdomme.com amiodarone generic cost buy liquid amoxicillin without prescription yalovadaarsa.com aster-m.com trazodone 433 street value does updraft albuterol help treat croup cough nebulizer africanamericanimages.us what happens if l stop taking thyroxine robertjszmidt.pl xenical online buy generic cialis vs real cialis is horny goat weed ok to take with zoloft can cytotec affect a 6 week emb 150 clomid next cycle after chemical when will ovulate after taking clomid and merional 150 buy sildenafil online usa phnemonia howling does it last doxycycline as treatment candida malaysia pharmacy no prescription desogen and hyperkalemia myghsy.com lexapro 5 mg ada di indonesia bonggom.com feifan8.net sweating on lexapro vs effecor 4kom.it azithromycin yahoo answers nightanddaysoireeanimation.com csipropertyservices.com prometrium 200 mg fa rimanere incinta kamagra in dubai extravasation of iv augmentin accutane weight loss lifesaverpoolfencesofnevada.com asiliahomehealth.com skale.it can dogs be treated with flagyl for c.diff cialis australia melbourne evista 60 mg en espanol can metformin 1000 be taken twice a day propecia online canada segtucson.com fexofenadine 180 mg like oxycodone lawonline.co.il venta de cytotec en san pedro sula levothyroxine belching bukitpinus.com missed propecia for 2 weeks golfnewmexico.com can i take prenatal vitamin while on metronidazole free sample viagra canada azithromycin dihydrate drugs in nigeria mercury drug zykast montelukast pricelist vardenafil hcl 20mg tab shelf life dexamethasone 0,5mg fungsi albuterol aerosol for sale can you have muscle cramps with prednisone taper 30 amlodipine 10 mg biolab.com.sg fluconazole tablet usp 150 mg for three days does grapefruit juice effect hydrochlorothiazide

Related Articles
« MO »
About the Author
Suzanne Dreitlein lives in Brooklyn, NY with her husband Frank, daughter Zoë and a small menagerie of cats, a fish and a turtle. Although a web designer by trade, she is a published writer having had work appear in various community newspapers in Queens as well as keeping a religious blog on her website zansite.com. And, as if that’s not enough, she also sews, crochets and is headmistress of the musical project Storm Under Still Water.
« MO »

Ill | Chris Beetow

Traditional Japanese Clothing
Suzanne Dreitlein
The clothing of the Edo Period (1601-1867 A.D.) is what the modern person would think of when asked about traditional Japanese clothing. Consisting of basic pieces such as the Kimono, Obi, and Hakama, Japanese clothing is as remarkably simple as it is complex and elegant.
Ushered in by Tokugawa Ieyasu’s appointment as Shogun or military leader by the Emperor, the Edo period reflects a socially stable and economically prosperous time for Japan. Tokugawa shoguns held control of Japan for over 250 years during which they enforced isolation from the rest of the world by forbidding foreign literature and art and outgoing travel to western countries. Japanese fashion developed independently of other countries which is apparent as their traditional clothing remained in widespread use until post World War II.
The building block for all traditional Japanese clothing, regardless of class, begins with the Kimono. By the Edo Period, this had become an outer garment and was made of all types of fabric from plain, solid cotton to heavily embroidered silk. Prior to and during the Edo Period, fabric use was very class orientated. Silk was, by law, reserved for the upper classes (Samurai) while hemp, ramie and other plant derived fibers were used by the common person. During the 18th century, cotton cultivation became widespread making this a choice fabric as well. Weaving fabric from these textiles was a craft passed down from mother to daughter. It wasn’t uncommon for every house to have at least one weaving loom. Fabric was decorated via woven patterns such as damask or satin or by using dyed yarns, stenciling and embroidery. In some cases the yarns used to make fabric were dyed over 40 times to achieve the intensity and quality of color needed for a final garment. Decorative motifs included family crests, animals symbolic of Japanese folklore and natural elements like bamboo branches and flowers.
The construction of Kimono were the same for either gender, regardless of the fabric used. All adults’ kimono are cut in eight sections from one roll of cloth about 36 cm. (14 inches) wide and 11 meters (12 yards) long. As the seams are cut straight and always the same width regardless of the wearer’s size, no cloth is left over. Any extra length was tucked under or over the Obi (belt) depending on gender. Kimono are relatively simple in design and could be sewn together within a day. There were no fasteners used to hold the Kimono closed; rather the left side would be folded over the right and then an Obi would be tied around the waist. Age, social status and gender all played a part in the appearance of the Kimono. For example, a married woman would wear a Kimono made out of darker fabric and with shorter sleeves than a young unmarried girl. Children wore brighter colors than their adult counterparts. Fashion practices, based on rigid social hierarchy, were reinforced by law.
Under the Kimono, lighter Kimono called Nagajuban in coordinating colors would be layered. An Han-eri, or scarf-like collar would be worn between the Kimono and the neck. Laws regarding excessive expenditures on women’s Kimono caused some to spend their money on extravagant undergarments instead of a more obvious outer Kimono. Yukatabira, light and loose-fitting robes, were also worn as an alternative to the Kimono by both sexes in a relaxed or casual setting.
The working classes wore simpler garments based on the Kimono. The Happi was a short coat, similar in construction and wear to a Kimono, that both genders wore. The Happi was combined with either somewhat fitted pants for men or very loose pants and aprons for women. Cording, sashes and Obi were used to close these jackets. Under this, for men, would be worn a loincloth, a piece of fabric wrapped around the groin, held on using cord as a belt or tied like a diaper. In cold weather, a Hanten (quilted jacket) would be worn over the Kimono or Happi. All classes wore coats and hats made of straw in rainy weather.
Three types of footwear were prevalent. Waraji and Zori (thong sandles) made of straw and Geta (platformed thongs) made of wood. The Zori and Waraji were simple, practical shoes for working. Geta were wooden platforms, made to avoid mud during inclement weather. The height of Geta were flexible and some examples show platforms of nearly a foot. Tabi (split-toed socks) made out of silk, cotton or leather could be worn with any of these shoes. Zori, Geta or Tabi were not made for wearing indoors and thus easy to remove. During the Edo Period all formal occasions required bare feet.
Additionally, the Samurai, or fighting class, had garments they would wear in conjunction with the Kimono. The Kamishimo was a two-piece costume worn over a kimono. It resembled an apron or backwards pinafore. The upper piece, the Kataginu, was a sleeveless vest with exaggerated shoulders. This was worn over the Hakama, which were wide, flowing pants. The Hakama has significant meaning applied to the design of the garment. The seven folds in these pants represent seven virtues of the Samurai – Yuki (courage), Jin (humility), Gi (justice), Rei (chivalry), Makoto (honesty), Chugi (loyalty), and Meiyo (prestige).
(Definitions from www.e-budostore.com)
Besides being required to hold together Kimono, the Obi, a sash or belt, is ornamental and expressive of class, age or marital status. There are several ways to tie the Obi, including a butterfly fold with a large bow shaped like an insect’s wingspan. In the early part of the Edo Period, the Obi was tied either at the front or to the side. By the mid 1770s, the Obi was tied in the back due to fashion and ease of dealing with an ever increasing width. (source 6) The fabrics used for Obi vary from simple leather cording to highly decorated bands of fabric.
Other accessory items include fans which both genders used. Called Sensu, the folding fan was used to cool as well as communicate. Samurai’s used Tessen or iron fans as a weapon when necessary.
Japanese History: Edo Period - japan-guide.com
Welcome to Horace Mann’s Webpage for Medieval Japanese Clothes, Make up, & Hair Styles - San Francisco Unified School District website
Weaving - Traditional Crafts of Japan
Japanese Clothing Box - The International Center for Transcultural Education
Samurai Clothing - Samurai Archives
History of Japanese Obi - Japanese Lifestyle
Kimono - Traditional Japanese Dress - Things
Other Links of Interest