Tragic Star: The Life of Montgomery Clift
One look into
his eyes and theres more angst than a Cure album, more depth than an Anne Rice novel, and greater tragedy than Vincent Van Gogh. His name was Montgomery Clift, and he made seventeen films between 1946 and 1966.
Born in Omaha, Nebraska in 1920,† Monty was 13 years old when he became interested in theatre. He and his twin sister and older brother lived and traveled with their mother overseas, because his father, who was in banking, was frequently away from the family. Montys expressive blue-green eyes and pretty-boy features made him quite popular as a child actor. When the family moved to New York City in the 30s, Monty took his acting to Broadway, where he appeared in over ten plays from 1935-1944. Clifts mother managed her sons acting career well after he became an adult. His relationship with his mother is well-documented that she controlled every aspect of his life, including dating girls, whom she would interrogate upon meeting. It is speculated that this early relationship would be the catalyst for many of Montys later problems.
Clift received rave reviews from theatre critics. His rare talent for sensitivity and quiet strength translated well on film in 1946, with his
role as John Waynes adopted son Matt in Red River
. This was immediately followed by The Search
(1948), The Heiress
(1949, with Olivia deHavilland), A Place In The Sun
(1950, with Elizabeth Taylor), for which he was nominated for an Oscar as the angst-ridden George Eastman, whose love for two women one rich, the other working class results in tragic circumstances. From Here To Eternity
in 1952 earned him not only another Oscar nomination (he didnt win) but acclamations for the best role of his career.
Monty Clift had a rare combination of pin-up looks and gift for acting that was unprecedented in Hollywood. Later, he would become the role model for such method actors like James Dean, Marlon Brando, and Dennis Hopper. Every one of his co-stars would remark on how deeply Monty would get into his character, forcing them to re-evaluate their own acting skills and styles. Shelly Winters, his co-star in A Place In The Sun, said in a taped biography that he[Monty] had this inner anguish, and it would show in his performance[sic]his eyes would grow dark, he would sweathe was like no one I d worked with before. Elizabeth Taylor became close friends with Monty on that film set, and while they never had a romantic relationship, it was for both of them a special friendship that would last until the day Monty died. He would work with Taylor, drawing out emotions from her during scenework, and she often out-acted him in the three films that they made together.
Had Interview With A Vampire been written in the 1940s instead of the 1970s, Monty Clift would have made the ideal Louis, both physically and emotionally, with his trademark brand of androgynous beauty and inner torture. In 1949s The Heiress, based on the novella Washington Square
by Henry James, his character is Morris Townshend, a foppish, 19th century mercenary who woos plain-jane but wealthy Catherine (Olivia de Havilland), who is disowned by her father for wanting to marry Morris. She tells Morris this, and he deserts her on their wedding night. Seven years later he returns for her forgiveness, and she takes revenge by rejecting him. The last scene of the movie is of Monty Clift, as Morris, desperately banging on Catherines door, calling for her. De Havilland would recall, years later, that she received dozens of hate-mail from young female fans, wondering how she could have possibly rejected their Monty.
In 1953, Monty was cast in Alfred Hitchcocks I Confess
, about a priest who hears the confession of a man who committed a murder then becomes a suspect himself. It is not one of Hitchcocks best efforts, but Clift portrays Father Michael Logan with such intensity and heartfelt anguish, that it rescues an otherwise mundane and inferior script.
In the early 1950s, Montgomery Clift seemed to have it all good looks, talent, and offers for some of the best scripts in Hollywood but underneath the glamour-boy persona was a deeply disturbed man. Some say because of his homosexuality, which at the time was unaccepted by society; some say a growing alcohol and painkiller depency, brought about by an illness he contracted in his youth. Others refer to an inner pain that was not invented and could not be cured.† No one who knew him understood exactly what it was that brought about Montys behavior and attitude changes. He would on occasion withdraw into his bedroom in his New York City apartment, draw the blinds, and stay there for days. He turned down one stellar script after another, including East of Eden
which would go to James Dean and On The Waterfront
, which ended up in Marlon Brandos hands. One thing for certain, he kept his homosexuality a secret from everyone he knew making discreet trips to Ogunquin, Maine, where gay men could have trysts without being noticed, then to Fire Island, which in the 1960s became a well-known gay getaway. Little is published about his homosexual affairs; he was fiercely determined to keep that aspect of himself under wraps. He even once remarked to a friend that he was concerned about how he used his hands, in a scene of a particular film he didnt want to come across as effeminate.
His painkiller dependency developed out of a condition known as ameobic dysentery an intestinal disorder that he contracted while in Mexico with a friend. At this time, the only treatment for the discomfort and sometimes, intense pain, was a limited diet and painkillers. Clift became fascinated with drugs of every kind and would hold extensive conversations with his pharmacist, learning about different kinds of medications and the effects they would have. The alcohol was another matter. Intensely shy around groups of people, especially at parties, Monty began social drinking, and, coupled with the painkillers he was always taking, it brought out personality traits that friends at first deemed odd. When his behavior began escalating from odd to annoying to downright infantile, i.e. he would throw tantrums in restaurants, act up during film shoots, and exhibit some bizarre personal habits. He would eat raw meat (sometimes right off the floor). He began seeing a psychiatrist. He found little help there; his doctor informed him, that, due to a stringent, discplined and rigid childhood, he was merely acting out childish impulses. Nevertheless, Clift would continue to see this psychiatrist for many years.
An automobile accident in 1956 would forever alter his appearance and his film career. Nearly all of the bones in his face were broken. Leaving a party at Elizabeth Taylors, while they both were in the middle of filming Raintree County, he nodded off behind the wheel of his 1955 Buick, and drove head-on into a telephone pole by the side of the road on the way down from Taylors secluded house in Beverly Hills. It was Taylor who ended up pulling him out from underneath the dashboard, and nursing his badly disfigured head until the ambulance arrived. It took eight weeks for Montys face and head to heal; there were no lacerations, so the injuries didnt leave scars, but his nose, chin, lips, and the left side of his face would be changed forever. Raintree County resumed filming, and when it was released, audiences flocked to the cinema, even though the film was received lukewarmly, in order to observe the pre-crash and post-crash Monty. His drinking intensified. He became a bonafide alcoholic, touting with him on all film sets a grey thermos that he claimed contained only fruit juice but in fact contained a potent blend of vodka, fruit juice, and Demerol. Over the next ten years he would make eight films, all rather mediocre, except for Suddenly Last Summer with Elizabeth Taylor, based on the Tennesee Williams play, and Judgement At Nuremberg for which he would be nominated for yet another Oscar for Best Supporting Actor. A lawsuit with a film company in 1962 would halt his already faltering film career and, when Elizabeth Taylor offered up her salary as compensation for casting him with her in Reflections In A Golden Eye, he agreed to do a B-film The Defector, to prove to the studio he could still act.
Two months after the completion of The Defector he was found dead in his Manhattan apartment from a massive coronary occlusion.